Weather in Sanaa – Climate of Yemen

Are you planning to visit Yemen? Then you must know about the Climate of Yemen. Here is the Climate of Yemen: Average annual rainfall, Seasons, and Weather in Sanaa. In addition to the Climate, Yemen weather map will provide you with all the details on the weather of Yemen. For your convenience, you can find out the temperature, cloud cover, and wind speed for Yemen from the slide bar. So, prepare to enjoy the weather in Sanaa while traveling to Yemen.

Climate of Yemen

The Yemeni climate varies from one region to another. The coastal plains experience the hottest temperatures of up to 102 degrees Fahrenheit in July, while higher elevations have relatively mild temperatures, averaging around 15 degrees. In addition, Yemen is home to two rainy seasons. Rainfall varies widely depending on the elevation, with lower regions receiving less than 400 mm a year, and higher areas receiving more than 750 mm.

Temperatures in the capital city of Sanaa fluctuate significantly. Sana’a, which is located 2,200 meters (7,200 ft) above sea level, experiences temperatures as low as 0 degrees Celsius at night. Summers in Sanaa are pleasant, with daytime highs of about 23 degrees Celsius. Nighttime temperatures are relatively low, though they can drop into the low 60s. However, despite the high average temperature, Sana’a experiences varying rainfall throughout the year.

The climate of Yemen is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. It is particularly vulnerable to drought, sudden disease outbreaks, and extreme flooding. The economy of Yemen is heavily dependent on the country’s natural resources. Climate change will likely increase its vulnerability to these impacts. By 2060, the country’s annual temperature is predicted to rise by 1.2 to 3.3 degrees. As a result, it is expected to experience more heavy rainfall in fall and winter.

Average annual rainfall

The country of Yemen experiences a very hot, subtropical climate. Summer temperatures reach up to 54degC (129degF) and humidity is high. Winter temperatures drop below freezing, while the highlands of Yemen experience a moderately wet and cold winter. The average temperature is between 22degC and 14degC throughout the year. Summers are very hot and humid along the Red Sea coast, while the interior mountain regions are cool and dry. There are sandstorms, which are common in summer and winter.

The highlands of Yemen are dotted with deep wadis, which are normally dry and have little vegetation, but fill dramatically during heavy rainfall. Yemen’s rainfall is drained through seven major wadis, including the vast Wadi Hadhramawt, which stretches for 240 kilometers. These waterways are also important bird habitats. The country’s rivers and lakes are rare and limited. The average annual rainfall in Yemen varies greatly, depending on the region.

In southern Yemen, flash floods in October, 2021, killed at least 28,000 people and devastated several governorates. While the rainy season usually takes place from July to September, this year, it was late, resulting in devastation in several governorates. The floods in Southern Yemen were devastating and left at least 28,000 people homeless. The country’s rainy season usually lasts from July to September, but the floods in October hit the southern part of the country.


Yemen’s highlands receive relatively little rain during the year, with rainfall averages less than 5 inches (130 mm). The country experiences a dry winter and hot, humid summer. Temperatures may drop below zero in the winter, but the average temperature does not dip below 129.2 degrees Fahrenheit in August. Precipitation averages between 400 and 750 millimetres per year. Yemen is a hot and humid country, so it’s best to travel during this time.

In general, Yemen has two distinct weather patterns: the Mediterranean and the southwest. During winter, the regular northerly winds dominate the country, while the southwest monsoon brings primary rains during the summer months. The Gulf of Aden’s southern fringes, however, experience a tropical climate. Thus, Yemen’s climate can be described as both semi-arid and desert. Aside from these differences, Yemen’s climate is moderately dry throughout the year.

The coldest month of the year is December, with an average high temperature below 42 degrees Fahrenheit. In Sanaa, rain alone lasts for about a quarter of the year and the wettest month is June. The amount of precipitation per day does not change substantially from month to month, with the exception of a small increase on August 11 during the rainy season. The amount of snowfall per day in Yemen is comparatively low and fluctuates between 0.1 inches and 0.4 inches.

Weather in Sanaa

In Yemen, the climate is characterized by hot, arid summers and dry, temperate winters. The average temperature is 42degF, with rare lows of 36degF or highs of 87degF. Sanaa is drier than most of the Middle East, so temperatures can range from slightly cooler to hotter than normal. In Sanaa, rainfall occurs almost daily. In the summer, the average amount falls below 30cm.

Summer temperatures in Sanaa, Yemen reach highs of up to 54degC (129degF), but they are combined with high humidity. Winter temperatures in Sanaa, Yemen, are slightly lower at 14degC (57degF), although they can also be very hot. Winds blow from the southwest, bringing little rain during the winter. Sandstorms can also occur on some days.

Winter temperatures in Yemen vary widely. You’ll need to wear lightweight summer clothing, a windbreaker for the evenings, and a warm jacket for cooler days. While the sea is warm enough for swimming and snorkeling, you’ll still need a windbreaker and a down jacket in winter. You can even wear a sweater if the weather turns cold. Also, don’t forget to pack a light sweater and hat if you plan on doing a lot of outdoor activity in Yemen.

Temperature ranges

The weather in Yemen is subtropical and dry with a vast difference between maximum and minimum temperatures. Temperatures can range between twenty-seven and thirty-five degrees Celsius (104 and 106 F) in the summer and seventeen to twenty-five degrees (50 and 55 F) in winter. The coastal plains experience the hottest temperatures, with daily maximums in July reaching nearly forty degrees Celsius. The highlands experience slightly cooler temperatures, with average summer daytime maximums of twenty-three degrees and the coldest nights of twenty-two to thirty degrees.

While the capital city of Sanaa enjoys 300mm (11.8 inches) of rain annually, northern and eastern Yemen are arid, with temperatures ranging from seventy to ninety degrees. In the south, the temperature is hotter in the desert whereas the highlands in the southwest have higher temperatures and lower rainfall. Yemen’s temperature and climate are often described as arid, but the country is still considered to be very fertile.

The climate in Yemen varies from tropical to desert. There is a vast variation in climate in the country, with the highlands and coastal plains both being relatively warm. The country’s average elevation is about two thousand meters, but the interior mountains reach as high as twelve thousand feet. The highest peak in Yemen is Jabal An-Nabi Shu’ayb, which is three thousand meters high and 1228 feet high.

Precipitation patterns

The climate of Yemen is very erratic and the precipitation pattern is extremely variable. Yemen has experienced prolonged droughts and has had periods of low precipitation lasting five years or longer. In fact, Yemen’s last severe drought occurred during the civil war in North Yemen in 1962-70 and had devastating effects on the economy and social life of the country. This drought lasted for many years and caused significant human suffering. Despite the fact that Yemen’s climate is very diverse, rainfall patterns are largely dependent on the location of the region.

While the temperature in Aden is typically over thirty degrees Celsius (95.9 degrees Fahrenheit), it can reach as high as 97.6 degrees Fahrenheit during the summer months. The average annual rainfall is 127 millimetres (4.1 in) in Aden, but the rainy seasons are even more extreme in the highlands. The lowlands of Yemen receive less rainfall than the middle highlands, while higher mountains such as Ta’izz and Ibb average more than 30 inches (750 mm) a year. Both the northern and southern parts of Yemen have different annual cycles, with the northern area typically having two rainy seasons while the southern region often experiences sparse precipitation during summer months.

Although Yemen is heavily dependent on rain-fed agriculture, water scarcity threatens the country’s economic development and food security. In fact, water scarcity is already weakening Yemeni households, with water costs amounting to 10 percent of the household’s income during the dry season. In addition to developing sustainable water management practices, Yemen must explore fossil groundwater aquifers in eastern Yemen. The country needs to address its climate crisis and protect the environment for its future